European Journal of Pharmacology vol:361 issue:2-3 pages:299-309
The G protein coupling of human 5-hydroxytryptamine5A (h5-ht5A) receptors was investigated in stably transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells, using radioligand and guanosine-5'[gamma-35S]thiotriphosphate binding to membranes and cyclic adenosine monophosphate measurements in cells. 5-Carboxamido[3H]tryptamine bound to high- and low-affinity sites on h5-ht5A-HEK 293 cell membranes. Guanylyl-imidodiphosphate addition and pertussis toxin pre-treatment abolished high-affinity binding, indicating coupling to G proteins of the Gi/Go family. [N-methyl-3H]Lysergic acid diethylamide bound to a single site; guanylyl-imidodiphosphate and pertussis toxin did not alter lysergic acid diethylamide affinity. 5-Hydroxytryptamine stimulated guanosine-5'[gamma-35S]thiotriphosphate binding to 130% over basal and this effect was completely abolished by pertussis toxin. Various 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor ligands were tested for inhibition of 5-carboxamido[3H]tryptamine binding and in guanosine-5'[gamma-35S]thiotriphosphate binding assays. 5-Hydroxytryptamine consistently inhibited forskolin-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate formation by 25% in h5-ht5A-HEK 293 cells; no effect was detected on basal cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels, on intracellular Ca2+ concentration or arachidonic acid release. Our studies demonstrate functional coupling of the h5-ht5A receptor to pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins and to inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity.