Title: Parsing the components of the psychomotor syndrome in schizophrenia
Authors: Docx, Lise ×
Morrens, Manuel
Bervoets, Chris
Hulstijn, Wouter
Fransen, Erik
De Hert, Marc
Baeken, Chris
Audenaert, Kurt
Sabbe, Bernard #
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Publisher: Munksgaard
Series Title: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica vol:126 issue:4 pages:256-265
Abstract: Docx L, Morrens M, Bervoets C, Hulstijn W, Fransen E, De Hert M, Baeken C, Audenaert K, Sabbe B. Parsing the components of the psychomotor syndrome in schizophrenia. Objective:  Catatonia, extrapyramidal signs, psychomotor slowing, and (motoric) neurological soft signs are well-known psychomotor symptoms in schizophrenia. This study aims at investigating the interrelations between these symptoms. In addition, associations between psychomotor symptoms, clinical symptoms, and cognitive functioning will be studied. Method:  An extensive test battery containing psychomotor (Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale; St Hans Rating Scale; Salpêtrière Retardation Rating Scale; Neurological Evaluation Scale) and clinical (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale; Calgary Depression Scale) rating scales as well as instrumental psychomotor tests (Line Copying Task; Finger Tapping Task) and cognitive tasks (Symbol Digit Substitution Test; Stroop Colour Word Test; Continuous Performance Test; Letter Number Sequencing) was administered to a sample of 124 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Results:  Correlational analyses showed that two clusters emerge from our data: first, a psychomotor poverty cluster referring to the interrelations between catatonia, parkinsonism, psychomotor slowing, and negative symptoms; second, a cluster containing motoric neurological soft signs, which were found to be correlated with cognitive functioning. Conclusion:  Psychomotor abnormalities are highly prevalent phenomena in schizophrenia that have to be considered as a heterogeneous construct. However, longitudinal and neurobiological research is needed to further explore the precise nature of the interrelations found in this study.
ISSN: 0001-690X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Studiegebied Gezondheidszorg - VIVES Noord
Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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