MicroRNA-155 Promotes Resolution of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 alpha Activity during Prolonged Hypoxia
BRUENING ROSSOW, Ulrike Cerone, Luca Neufeld, Zoltan Fitzpatrick, Susan F Cheong, Alex Scholz, Carsten C Simpson, David A Leonard, Martin O Tambuwala, Murtaza M Cummins, Eoin P Taylor, Cormac T # ×
American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Molecular and Cellular Biology vol:31 issue:19 pages:4087-4096
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a key regulator of the transcriptional response to hypoxia. While the mechanism underpinning HIF activation is well understood, little is known about its resolution. Both the protein and the mRNA levels of HIF-1 alpha (but not HIF-2 alpha) were decreased in intestinal epithelial cells exposed to prolonged hypoxia. Coincident with this, microRNA (miRNA) array analysis revealed multiple hypoxia-inducible miRNAs. Among these was miRNA-155 (miR-155), which is predicted to target HIF-1 alpha mRNA. We confirmed the hypoxic upregulation of miR-155 in cultured cells and intestinal tissue from mice exposed to hypoxia. Furthermore, a role for HIF-1 alpha in the induction of miR-155 in hypoxia was suggested by the identification of hypoxia response elements in the miR-155 promoter and confirmed experimentally. Application of miR-155 decreased the HIF-1 alpha mRNA, protein, and transcriptional activity in hypoxia, and neutralization of endogenous miR-155 reversed the resolution of HIF-1 alpha stabilization and activity. Based on these data and a mathematical model of HIF-1 alpha suppression by miR-155, we propose that miR-155 induction contributes to an isoform-specific negative-feedback loop for the resolution of HIF-1 alpha activity in cells exposed to prolonged hypoxia, leading to oscillatory behavior of HIF-1 alpha-dependent transcription.