Title: VDR dependent and independent effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on nitric oxide production by osteoblasts
Authors: Willems, Hubertine M E
van den Heuvel, Ellen G H M
Carmeliet, Geert
Schaafsma, Anne
Klein-Nulend, Jenneke
Bakker, Astrid D # ×
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Series Title: Steroids vol:77 issue:1-2 pages:126-131
Abstract: 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) strongly mediates bone mass. Mechanical stimulation also affects bone mass, partly via enhancing nitric oxide (NO) production by osteoblasts. We aimed to determine whether 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) affects NO production by osteoblasts in the presence or absence of mechanical stimulation. We hypothesised that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) stimulates NO production via nuclear actions of the vitamin D receptor (VDR), which requires hours of incubation with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) to occur. MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and long-bone osteoblasts of adult wildtype and VDR(-/-) mice were pre-incubated for 24h with or without 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (10(-13)-10(-9)M), followed by 30 min pulsating fluid flow (PFF; 0.7±0.3 Pa, 5 Hz) or static culture with or without 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). NO production and NO synthase (NOS) expression were quantified. 10(-11)M 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) for 24h, but not 30 min, stimulated NO production by MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts (eightfold). 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) for 24h increased inducible-NOS gene-expression (twofold), suggesting that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) stimulated NO production via activation of NOS gene transcription. PFF rapidly increased NO production by MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts, wildtype osteoblasts, and VDR(-/-) osteoblasts. This PFF effect was abolished after incubation with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) for 24h, or during PFF only. Our results suggest that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) stimulates inducible-NOS expression and NO production by osteoblasts in the absence of mechanical stimulation, likely via genomic VDR action. In contrast, 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) may affect mechanical loading-induced NO production independent of genomic VDR action, since 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) diminished PFF-induced NO production in VDR(-/-) bone cells. In conclusion, 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and mechanical loading interact at the level of mechanotransduction, whereby 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) seems to act independently of VDR genomic mechanism.
ISSN: 0039-128X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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