Title: HR 5907: Discovery of the most rapidly rotating magnetic early B-type star by the MiMeS Collaboration
Authors: Grunhut, J. H ×
Rivinius, Th
Wade, G. A
Townsend, R. H. D
Marcolino, W. L. F
Bohlender, D. A
Szeifert, Th
Petit, V
Matthews, J. M
Rowe, J. F
Moffat, A. F. J
Kallinger, Thomas
Kuschnig, R
Guenther, D. B
Rucinski, S. M
Sasselov, D
Weiss, W. W #
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: Priestley and Weale
Series Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society vol:419 issue:2 pages:1610-1627
Abstract: We report the discovery and analysis of a very strong magnetic field in the rapidly rotating early B-type star HR 5907, based on observations obtained as part of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project. We infer a rotation period of 0.508 276+0.000 015-0.000 012 d from photometric and Ha EW measurements, making this the shortest period, non-degenerate, magnetic massive star known to date. From the comparison of IUE UV and optical spectroscopy with LTE bruce/kylie models we find a solid-angle integrated, uniform black-body temperature of 17 000 +/- 1000 K, a projected rotational velocity of 290 +/- 10 km s-1, an equatorial radius of 3.1 +/- 0.2 R circle dot, a stellar mass of 5.5 +/- 0.5 M circle dot, and an inclination angle of the rotation axis to our line-of-sight of 70 +/- 10 degrees. Our measurements of the longitudinal magnetic field, which vary between -500 and -2000 G, phase coherently with the rotation period and imply a surface dipole field strength of similar to 15.7 kG. On the other hand, from fits to mean Least-Squares Deconvolved Stokes V line profiles we infer a dipole field strength of similar to 10.4 kG. This disagreement may result from a magnetic configuration more complex than our model, and/or from the non-uniform helium surface abundance distribution. In either case we obtain a magnetic obliquity nearly aligned with the rotation axis (beta=7-1+2 degrees). Our optical spectroscopy also shows weak variability in carbon, silicon and nitrogen lines. The emission variability in hydrogen Balmer and Paschen lines indicates the presence of a dense, highly structured magnetosphere, interpreted as a centrifugally supported, magnetically confined circumstellar disc.
ISSN: 0035-8711
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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