American Journal of Nephrology vol:34 issue:3 pages:226-232
The uremic retention solutes indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate are linked to cardiovascular disease and overall survival. Dialytic clearances are limited, which is principally attributed to tight protein binding. Extending dialysis duration would be expected to substantially increase protein-bound uremic solute removal. The aim of the current study was to study protein-bound uremic retention solute clearances and kinetics during longer-hours nocturnal hemodialysis.