European Journal of Pediatrics vol:171 issue:2 pages:267-270
National congress of Congolese society of Pediatrics edition:3 location:Kinshasa date:July 2009
Adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) is a rare disease. The X-linked form of AHC is caused by deletions or mutations in DAX1 gene and has a variable clinical presentation. To date, no data on X-linked AHC in central Africa are available. Here, we report a Congolese pedigree with several cases of unexplained deaths of male infants. A careful analysis of the pedigree of this family lead to the recognition of an X-linked inheritance pattern, with subsequent confirmation in a female heterozygous carrier of a DAX1 missense mutation c.1274G>T, (p.Arg425Ile).The diagnosis of this condition remains challenging in a developing country, since the manifestations of AHC overlap with those of the much more frequently occurring infections; darkening of the skin is difficult to evaluate and there is a lack of access to routine endocrinological testing. The diagnosis was eventually made based on the family pedigree, evoking an X-linked inheritance pattern. This illustrates the necessity for medical and clinical genetics to be part of the curriculum of medical school in developing countries.