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Title: High doses of vitamin d to reduce exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized trial
Authors: Lehouck, An ×
Mathieu, Chantal
Carremans, Claudia
Baeke, Femke
Verhaegen, Jan
Van Eldere, Johan
Decallonne, Brigitte
Bouillon, Roger
Decramer, Marc
Janssens, Wim #
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: American College of Physicians
Series Title: Annals of Internal Medicine vol:156 issue:2 pages:105-14
Abstract: Background: Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-[OH]D) levels have been associated with lower FEV(1), impaired immunologic control, and increased airway inflammation. Because many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have vitamin D deficiency, effects of vitamin D supplementation may extend beyond preventing osteoporosis. Objective: To explore whether supplementation with high doses of vitamin D could reduce the incidence of COPD exacerbations. Design: Randomized, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00666367) Setting: University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Patients: 182 patients with moderate to very severe COPD and a history of recent exacerbations. Intervention: 100 000 IU of vitamin D supplementation or placebo every 4 weeks for 1 year. Measurements: The primary outcome was time to first exacerbation. Secondary outcomes were exacerbation rate, time to first hospitalization, time to second exacerbation, FEV(1), quality of life, and death. Results: Mean serum 25-(OH)D levels increased significantly in the vitamin D group compared with the placebo group (mean between-group difference, 30 ng/mL [95% CI, 27 to 33 ng/mL]; P < 0.001). The median time to first exacerbation did not significantly differ between the groups (hazard ratio, 1.1 [CI, 0.82 to 1.56]; P = 0.41), nor did exacerbation rates, FEV(1), hospitalization, quality of life, and death. However, a post hoc analysis in 30 participants with severe vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-[OH]D levels <10 ng/mL) at baseline showed a significant reduction in exacerbations in the vitamin D group (rate ratio, 0.57 [CI, 0.33 to 0.98]; P = 0.042). Limitation: This was a single-center study with a small sample size. Conclusion: High-dose vitamin D supplementation in a sample of patients with COPD did not reduce the incidence of exacerbations. In participants with severe vitamin D deficiency at baseline, supplementation may reduce exacerbations. Primary Funding Source: Applied Biomedical Research Program, Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT-TBM).
URI: 
ISSN: 0003-4819
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
Pneumology
Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology
Laboratory for Experimental and Clinical Microbiology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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