Title: The European Union in the Congolese Police Reform: Governance, Coordination and Alignment?
Other Titles: De Europese Unie in de Congolese Politiehervorming: Governance, Coördinatie en Afstemming?
Authors: Justaert, Arnout
Issue Date: 29-Feb-2012
Abstract: <w:latentstyles deflockedstate="false" defunhidewhenused="true"  <w:lsdexception="" locked="false" priority="0" semihidden="false"  <w:lsdexceptionlocked="false"  The European Union in the Congolese Police Reform: Governance, Coordination and Alignment?The way the European Union engages in the Congolese police reform is the object of this research. Building upon the theoretical frameworks of governance, coordination and alignment, we analyze not only the involvement of the EU in the Congolese police reform but also the management of its own foreign policy, directed towards the transformation of external structures.By adopting a governance perspective, we analyze the involvement of multiple actors in the implementation of the European foreign policy as well as the formal and informal relations and interactions between these actors. Although the governance approach has not systematically been applied to the domain of foreign policy (of the EU), it offers a relevant perspective given the fragmentation and the complexity of EU foreign policy making.At the European level, a multitude of actors are involved in the implementation of the Congolese police reform. Not only the Council of the EU is involved with a civilian security and defense mission, named EUPOL DRC, also the European Commission is engaged through its development program. In additionto the EU’s ‘common’ initiatives, also the member states of the EU develop bilateral projects in the Congolese police reform. Especially the United Kingdom, Belgium and France are heavily engaged. Moreover, these projects are often implemented by private actors, such as non-governmental organizations and private consultants. However, the engagement of each of these actors is based upon different motives, priorities and approaches, and also the resources available to them vary significantly. The energy and the resources that the member states devote to the implementation of their bilateral projects, have a negative impact on the implementation of the ‘common’ European policies.Crucial in the context of governance, is the coordination between these actors. Based upon the model of inter-organizational coordination we analyze different dimensions of coordination. By doing this, we enrich the governance framework that lacks an operational model for the analysis of coordination. In the implementation of the European projects in the Congolese police reform, a systematic European coordination is not self-evident. In view of the unequal relations between the European actors, bilateral policies are often more efficient and effective than ‘common’ European policies. The result, however, is not only a competitive relation between the European actors themselves. Perhaps more importantly, the lack of coordination procures a competitive position towards the Congolese authorities.In addition to governance and coordination, the third aspect of this research concerns the alignment of European projects to the context and endogenous dynamics in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Although the involvement of stakeholders and their processes is an important element in thegovernance approach, limited attention is given to the principle of alignment in the literature. The coordination with the targets of foreign policy has to endure a lack of attention in the inter-organizational coordination analyses as well. Although in the Congolese police reform coordination and alignment mechanisms between the international / European donor community and the Congolese (police) authorities are present, the implemented policies are mainly based upon experienced (European) models of police organization and reform. The Congolese context, that is characterized by poor management of resources, a high degree of corruption, a lack of decent infrastructure and so on, is not sufficiently integrated in the reform of the Congolese police.
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: TH
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences - miscellaneous
Leuven International and European Studies (LINES)

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