Title: Trematode myoglobins, functional molecules with a distal tyrosine
Authors: Rashid, AK ×
VanHauwaert, ML
Haque, M
Siddiqi, AH
Lasters, I
De Maeyer, Marc
Griffon, N
Marden, MC
Dewilde, S
Clauwaert, J
Vinogradov, SN
Moens, L #
Issue Date: Jan-1997
Publisher: Amer soc biochemistry molecular biology inc
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:272 issue:5 pages:2992-2999
Abstract: The myoglobins of two trematodes, Paramphistomum epiclitum and Isoparorchis hypselobagri, were isolated to homogeneity. The native molecules are monomeric with M(r) 16,000-17,000 and pI 6.5-7.5. In each species, at least four different globin isoforms occur. Primary structure was determined at the protein level. The globin chains contain 147 amino acid residues. Although major determinants of the globin fold are conserved, characteristic substitutions are present. A Tyr residue occurs at the helical positions B10 and E7 (distal position). This is confirmed by MMR measurements (Zhang, W., Rashid, K. A., Haque, M., Siddiqi, A. H., Vinogradov, S. N., Moens, L. & La Mar, G. N. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 3000-3006). A distal Tyr normally provokes oxidation of the iron atom and the inability to bind oxygen, whereas a Tyr-B10 is indicative for a high oxygen affinity. In contrast, trematode myoglobins are functional molecules with a high oxygen affinity. Molecular modeling predicts two possible positions for the aromatic ring of Tyr-E7: one being outside the heme pocket making it freely accessible to the ligand and one within the heme pocket potentially able to form a second hydrogen bond with the iron-bound oxygen. A hydrogen bond between Tyr-B10 and the bound oxygen as in the Ascaris hemoglobin is predicted as well. The predicted structure may explain the high oxygen affinity of the trematode myoglobins.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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