Title: Validation and comparison of two soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer models for Tropical Africa
Authors: Akkermans, Tom ×
Lauwaet, Dirk
Demuzere, Matthias
Vogel, Gerd
Nouvellon, Yann
Ardö, Jonas
Caquet, Blandine
De Grandcourt, Agnès
Merbold, Lutz
Kutsch, Werner
Van Lipzig, Nicole #
Issue Date: 8-May-2012
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Series Title: Journal of Geophysical Research vol:117
Article number: G02013
Abstract: This study aims to compare and validate two soil-vegetation-atmosphere-transfer (SVAT) schemes, being TERRA-ML and the Community Land Model. Both SVAT schemes are run in standalone mode (decoupled from an atmospheric model) and forced with meteorological in-situ measurements obtained at several tropical African sites. Model performance is quantified by comparing simulated sensible and latent heat fluxes with eddy-covariance measurements. Our analysis indicates that the Community Land Model corresponds more closely to the micrometeorological observations, reflecting the advantages of the higher model complexity and physical realism. Deficiencies in TERRA-ML are addressed and its performance is improved: i) adjusting input data (root depth) to region-specific values (tropical evergreen forest) resolves dry-season underestimation of evapotranspiration, ii) adjusting the leaf area index and albedo (depending on hard-coded model constants) resolves overestimations of both latent and sensible heat fluxes, and iii) an unrealistic flux partitioning caused by overestimated superficial water contents is reduced by adjusting the hydraulic conductivity parameterization. CLM is by default more versatile in its global application on different vegetation types and climates. On the other hand, with its lower degree of complexity, TERRA-ML is much less computationally demanding which leads to faster calculation times in a coupled climate simulation.
ISSN: 0148-0227
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Geography & Tourism
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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