Journal of physical chemistry vol:100 issue:12 pages:4879-4887
This report analyzes which kinetic and spectral parameters can be recovered by global compartmental analysis for intermolecular two-state excited-state processes when k(21)[M] (Scheme 1) is negligible. The time-resolved fluorescence of such a photophysical system will decay as a biexponential function with invariant decay times. The ratio of the amplitudes associated with the decay times will depend on [M]. Although the association rate constant k(21) is known to be zero, this knowledge is not helpful in determining unique values for the remaining parameters. It is shown that the available information which can be derived from time-resolved fluorescence data only is strongly limited. When k(12) is not negligible, the values of k(01), (k(02) + k(12)), and the relation connecting k(12) and the ground-state dissociation constant can be obtained from two decay traces collected for two different concentrations of M. For such a system it is impossible to determine the ground-state dissociation constant from time-resolved fluorescence measurements exclusively. The identifiability analysis shows that additional decay curves measured at different concentrations of M and excitation or emission wavelengths do not provide independent information useful for the unique determination of the remaining parameters. If the ground-state dissociation constant can be obtained from fluorimetric titration, the photophysical system becomes identifiable. In the limiting case when k(12) = 0, the relation between k(12) and the ground-state dissociation constant vanishes. The addition of quencher to intermolecular two-state excited-state processes when k(21)[M] is negligible does not provide additional information useful for the unique determination of the kinetic and spectral parameters.