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Title: Liver versus cardiothoracic transplant canditates and their pretransplant psychosocial and behavioural riks profiles: good neighbours or complete strangers?
Authors: Dobbels, Fabienne ×
Vanhaecke, Johan
Nevens, Frederik
Dupont, Lieven
Verleden, Geert
Van Hees, D
De Geest, Sabina #
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Publisher: Springer International
Series Title: Transplant International vol:20 issue:12 pages:1020-1030
Abstract: Research concerning pretransplant psychosocial and behavioral characteristics in different organ transplant groups is limited. The aim was to assess relevant psychosocial and behavioral pretransplant factors in heart, lung and liver transplant candidates, and their differences among groups. One hundred and eighty-six transplant candidates (i.e. 71 lung, 33 heart and 82 liver) were included (93% response rate). Demographics, clinical variables, co-morbidity, anxiety, depression, personality traits, received social support and adherence with the therapeutic regimen were assessed using validated self-report instruments and chart review. Because of significant differences in gender, age and co-morbidity among groups, analyses were controlled for these factors. Lung (8.2 +/- 4.2) and heart (7.6 +/- 3.5) transplant candidates tended to report more depressive symptoms than liver transplant candidates (6.5 +/- 4.8) (P = 0.05). Groups were comparable for other factors, except for liver transplant candidates being more frequently active smokers (22%) compared with heart (3%) and lung candidates (0%), and more heart (36.4%) and lung candidates (33.3%) drinking alcohol than liver transplant candidates (6.3%). Psychosocial and behavioral characteristics are comparable among pretransplant candidates. Instead of performing the pretransplant psychosocial and behavioral screening in an organ-specific fashion, our data support the use of a more general screening protocol.
URI: 
ISSN: 0934-0874
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Interfaculty Centre for Biomedial Ethics and Law
Hepatology
Academic Centre for Nursing and Midwifery
Pneumology
Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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