Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) is an essential cofactor of HIV integration. Both stable overexpression of the C-terminal part of LEDGF/p75 (LEDGF(325-530)) containing the integrase (IN)-binding domain (IBD) and stable knockdown (KD) of LEDGF/p75 are known to inhibit HIV infection in laboratory cell lines. Here, primary human CD(4)(+) T-cells were transduced with lentiviral vectors encoding LEDGF(325-530), the interaction-deficient mutant LEDGF(325-530)D366N, or a hairpin depleting LEDGF/p75 and challenged with HIV. Maximal protection of primary T-cells from HIV infection was obtained after LEDGF(325-530) overexpression reducing HIV replication 40-fold without evidence of cellular toxicity. This strategy was subsequently evaluated in the NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid) Il2rg(tm1Wjl)/SzJ (NSG) mouse model. Threefold reduction in mean plasma viral load was obtained in mice engrafted with CD(4)(+) T-cells expressing LEDGF(325-530) in comparison with engraftment with LEDGF(325-530)D366N cells. Four weeks after transplantation with LEDGF(325-530)D366N cells, 70% of the CD(4)(+) cells were lost due to ongoing HIV replication. However, in mice transplanted with LEDGF(325-530) cells only a 20% decrease in CD(4)(+) cells was measured. Liver and spleen sections of LEDGF(325-530) mice contained less HIV than LEDGF(325-530)D366N mice as measured by p24 antigen detection. LEDGF(325-530) overexpression potently inhibits HIV replication in vivo and protects against HIV mediated cell killing of primary CD(4)(+) T-cells.