Journal of polymer science part b-polymer physics vol:37 issue:14 pages:1715-1738
The use of correlation functions to obtain the morphological parameters of crystalline-amorphous two-phase lamellar systems is critically reviewed and extended. If is shown that processing of the experimental SAXS-patterns only significantly affects the curvature of the autocorrelation triangle and that the parameters of the corresponding ideal two-phase structure can be determined independently of the data processing procedure. The methods to be used depend on the normalization of the correlation function. The validity of the formulation is illustrated for a sample of linear polyethylene, cooled and heated at 10 degrees C per min. Crystallite thickening during crystallization and surface melting during heating are observed. The overall crystallinity and the fraction of semi-crystalline stacks during crystallization and melting are determined quantitatively as a function of temperature using the total scattering power of the corresponding ideal two-phase structure, correlation functions, and a scaling procedure. Absolute intensities are not required. The SAXS results are confirmed by independent techniques (DSC, WAXD, and SALLS). During crystallization, amorphous regions are present outside the semi-crystalline regions because growing spherulites do not fill space completely. During melting;, larger amorphous regions develop in the spherulites because of the complete melting of stacks. (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.