Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering vol:14 issue:2 pages:165-174
Micro-finite element (FE) analysis has recently been introduced for the detailed quantification of the mechanical interaction between bone and implant. The technique has been validated at an apparent level. The aim of this study was to address the accuracy of FE analysis at the trabecular level. Experimental displacement fields were obtained by deformable image registration, also known as strain mapping (SM), of dynamic hip screws implanted in three human femoral heads. In addition, displacement fields were calculated using FE analysis. On a voxel-by-voxel basis, the coefficients of determination (R2) between experimental and FE-calculated displacements ranged from 0.67 to 0.92. Linear regression of the mean displacements over nine volumes of interest yielded R2 between 0.81 and 0.84. The lowest R2 values were found in regions of very small displacements. In conclusion, we found that peri-implant bone displacements calculated with FE analysis correlated well with displacements obtained from experimental SM.