Interface Trap Characterization of a 5.8-angstrom EOT p-MOSFET Using High-Frequency On-Chip Ring Oscillator Charge Pumping Technique
Cho, Moonju × Kaczer, Ben Aoulaiche, Marc Degraeve, Robin Roussel, Philippe Franco, Jacopo Kauerauf, Thomas Ragnarsson, Lars Ake Hoffmann, Thomas Y Groeseneken, Guido #
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices vol:58 issue:10 pages:3342-3349
Extraction of interfacial trap density N-it in extremely reduced gate oxides with equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) below 1 nm by conventional charge pumping is virtually impossible due to the high gate leakage current through the very thin oxide. However, interface quality assessment in subnano EOT devices is essential for the reliability and performance improvement of future logic devices. In this paper, an accurate approach to determine the interfacial trap density in a 5.8-angstrom EOT device is performed by an advanced charge pumping technique employing ring-oscillator-connected devices. A consistency comparison of this technique to the conventional charge pumping is done by a frequency sweep on the 10.1-angstrom EOT device. Clear charge pumping currents are obtained on the 5.8-angstrom EOT oxide, and further analysis by varying the applied frequency and amplitude is performed. The interface trap density in the 5.8-angstrom EOT device is found to be higher than that in the 10.1-angstrom EOT device due to the physically reduced interfacial layer in the thinner EOT device. Moreover, direct tunneling-based calculation gives the charge injection distance as about 2 angstrom inside the oxide. Stress-induced defect generation is investigated by applying dc stress between charge pumping and I-drain-V-gate measurements. The 5.8-angstrom EOT device shows higher initial N-it but lower stress-induced N-it as compared with the 10.1-angstrom EOT device. The bulk trap N-ot generated after stress is higher in the 5.8-angstrom EOT device due to the higher initial bulk trap density.