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Title: How can cross-country differences in the practice of grade retention be explained? A closer look at national educational policy factors
Authors: Goos, Mieke * ×
Schreier, Brigitte *
Knipprath, Heidi
De Fraine, Bieke
Van Damme, Jan
Trautwein, Ulrich #
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Comparative and International Education Society
Series Title: Comparative Education Review vol:57 issue:1 pages:54-84
Abstract: This study investigates to what extent national educational policy factors can explain differences in the probability of students repeating a grade in primary and lower-secondary education across OECD member countries. Data from the PISA 2009 study, different issues of the OECD Education at a Glance brochure, and the TALIS 2007 study were analyzed by means of three-level logistic regression models. The results indicate that a remarkable amount of variation in the likelihood of student grade retention lies at the country level. National educational policy factors, however, only partly explain this variation, indicating that traditions and societal beliefs regarding the benefits of grade retention also play a role.
ISSN: 0010-4086
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Educational Effectiveness and Evaluation
Research Group Education and Lifelong Learning
Education and Training
* (joint) first author
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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