Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment vol:29 issue:5 pages:418-427
The main aim of the present study was to examine the cross-cultural equivalence of a newly
developed questionnaire, the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ30) that assesses
emotional awareness of children through self-report. Participants were recruited in three
countries: the Netherlands (N = 665), Spain (N = 464), and Belgium (N = 707), reflecting three
languages: Dutch, Spanish, and French respectively. The results of multigroup confirmatory
factor analysis showed that the 6-factor structure of the EAQ30 is similar in all three samples.
These results were confirmed by the high coefficients of congruence that indicated factorial
invariance across samples. Comparison between the three samples showed minor cultural
differences. These findings support the factorial and construct validity of the EAQ30 and
suggest that the EAQ30 accurately captures the structure of children’s emotional dispositions,
regardless of cultural differences.