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Title: The situational construction of anger and shame in three cultures
Authors: Boiger, Michael ×
Mesquita, Batja
Uchida, Yukiko
Barrett, Lisa Feldman #
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Conference: Plenary meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotion (ISRE) location:Kyoto, Japan date:July 26-29, 2011
Abstract: The cultural gestalts of emotional experience differ – that is, there are different patterns of prevalence and intensity. Two studies found evidence that the cultural gestalt of emotional experience is due to situational construction: there may be differences either in the cultural ecology of situations that elicit an emotion, or in the power of certain situations to elicit emotions. In both studies, we compared the situational construction of shame and anger in North American, Japanese, and Belgian cultural contexts. In study 1, N = 220 students from the US, Japan, and Belgium sorted a random cross-cultural sample of anger or shame situations into as many categories as they saw fit. We identified two-dimensional INDSCAL solutions that underlay the situational space of anger (social distance and intentionality) and shame (agency and affected aspect of self). In study 2, N = 276 students from the US, Japan, and Belgium indicated for the same situations how often they occurred and how likely one would experience the associated emotion in each situation. Results showed that cross-culturally similar kinds of situations were thought to elicit anger, but that the prevalence of these situations was higher in cultures that condone anger. Shame elicitors differed across cultures, such that in each culture situations that violated of culturally normative self-ways elicited the most shame.
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IMa
Appears in Collections:Social and Cultural Psychology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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