Structures and vibrational spectroscopy of partially reduced gas-phase cerium oxide clusters
Burow, Asbjoern M × Wende, Torsten Sierka, Marek Wlodarczyk, Radoslaw Sauer, Joachim Claes, Pieterjan Jiang, Ling Meijer, Gerard Lievens, Peter Asmis, Knut R #
Royal Society of Chemistry
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics vol:13 issue:43 pages:19393-19400
This work demonstrates that the most stable structures of even small gas-phase aggregates of cerium oxide with 2-5 cerium atoms show structural motifs reminiscent of the bulk ceria. This is different from main group and transition metal oxide clusters, which often display structural features that are distinctly different from the bulk structure. The structures of Ce2O2+, Ce3O4+, and (CeO2)(m)CeO+ clusters (m = 0-4) are unambiguously determined by a combination of global structure optimizations at the density functional theory level and infrared vibrational predissociation spectroscopy of the cluster-rare gas atom complexes. The structures of Ce2O2+ and Ce2O3+ exhibit a Ce-O-Ce-O four-membered ring with characteristic absorptions between 430 and 680 cm(-1). Larger clusters have common structural features containing fused Ce-O-Ce-O four-membered rings which lead to intense absorption bands at around 500 and 650 cm(-1). Clusters containing a terminal Ce=O bond show a characteristic absorption band between 800 and 840 cm(-1). For some cluster sizes multiple isomers are observed. Their individual infrared signatures are identified by tuning their relative population through the choice of He, Ne or Ar messenger atoms. The present results allow us to benchmark different density functionals which yield different degrees of localization of unpaired electrons in Ce 4f states.