Title: The Demand-Control model and target's reports of bullying at work: A test within Spanish and Belgian blue-collar workers
Authors: Baillien, Elfi ×
Rodriguez-Munoz, Alfredo
De Witte, Hans
Notelaers, Guy
Moreno-Jimenez, Bernardo #
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Psychology Press, in association with the International Association of Applied Psychology
Series Title: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology vol:20 issue:2 pages:157-177
Abstract: The present study explores whether Karasek's Job Demand-Control (JDC) model's strain hypothesis can be applied to target's reports of bullying at work in matched samples of Spanish and Belgian blue-collar workers. In the Spanish sample, results reveal a positive main effect of workload and a negative main effect of autonomy. The relationship between workload and bullying is particularly strong under the condition of low autonomy (i.e., interaction), in line with Karasek's strain hypothesis. In the Belgian sample, results show a positive main effect of workload and a significant workload-autonomy interaction effect in accordance with the strain hypothesis. In sum, high strain jobs associate with target's reports of bullying in both the Spanish and Belgian sample. Karasek's JDC model may accordingly be extended to target's reports of bullying as a form of social behavioural strain. These findings furthermore enhance research in the realm of bullying at work by introducing a well-established theoretical framework to account for the relationship between workload, autonomy, and target's reports of bullying.
ISSN: 1359-432X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Occupational & Organisational Psychology and Professional Learning - miscellaneous
Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology
Research Centre for Work and Organisation Studies (WOS Bxl), Campus Brussels
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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