Research Synthesis Methods vol:2 issue:4 pages:271-278
There is an increasing interest in the conduct of qualitative evidence syntheses (QES), particularly in the field of health care. Approaches to QES vary in the way they conduct a search, a critical appraisal or the data-analysis. To date, the use of comprehensive versus context-specific QES has not yet been fully considered. We used the insights from a recently conducted, context-specific QES to map out potential strengths and weaknesses of these two approaches and make recommendations regarding the future conduct of QES. We propose two ways of combining the best of both: the production of umbrella reviews of context-specific syntheses and/or the trans-cultural modification and trans-contextual adaptation of findings from comprehensive syntheses.