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Title: Large molecular quadratic hyperpolarizabilities in donor/acceptor-substituted trans-tetraammineruthenium(II) complexes
Authors: Coe, BJ ×
Chamberlain, MC
EssexLopresti, JP
Gaines, S
Jeffery, JC
Houbrechts, Stephan
Persoons, Andre #
Issue Date: Jan-1997
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Inorganic Chemistry vol:36 issue:15 pages:3284-3292
Abstract: A series of new Ru(II) complex salts trans-[Ru(NH3)(4)(L-1)(L-2)](PF6)(n) [n = 2, L-1 = 4-acetylpyridine (4-acpy) and L-2 = 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (dmap) (1), 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile (dmabn) (2), 4-picoline (4-pic) (3), or 1-methylimidazole (1-MeIm) (4); n = 3, L-1 = N-methyl-4,4'-bipyridinium (MeQ(+)) and L-2 = dmap (6), dmabn (7), 1-MeIm (8), 4-acpy (9), or phenothiazine (PTZ) (10); n = 2, L-1 = dmap and L-2 = 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde (pyca) (12) or ethyl isonicotinate (isne) (13)1 have been synthesized and fully characterized. These complexes display intense, visible metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) absorptions which are highly solvatochromic. An X-ray crystal structure determination has been carried out for trans-[Ru(NH3)(4)(MeQ(+))(PTZ)](PF6)(3) . Me2CO (10 . Me2CO). This salt, empirical formula C26H38F18N7OP3RuS, crystallizes in the hexagonal system, space group P6(3), with (a = b = 17.853(4) Angstrom, c = 21.514(6) Angstrom, and Z = 6. The MeQ(+) ligand adopts an almost planar conformation, with a torsion angle of 9.6 degrees between the two pyridyl rings. The dipolar cations exhibit a strong projected component along the z axis, but crystal twinning precludes second-harmonic generation. Measurements of the first hyperpolarizability beta by using the hyper-Rayleigh scattering technique at 1064 nm yield very large values in the range (232-621) x 10(-30) esu, the largest being for trans-[Ru(NH3)(4)(MeQ(+))(dmap)](PF6)(3) (7). These beta values are resonance enhanced via the MLCT excitations. A correlation between beta and the MLCT absorption energy confirms that this excitation is the primary contributor to beta. The two-level model yields static hyperpolarizabilities beta(0) in the range (10-130) x 10(-30) esu, with trans-[Ru(NH3)(4)(MeQ(+))(dmap)](PF6)(3) (6) having the largest. The beta(0) values of the complexes of the bipyridyl ligand MeQ(+) are larger than those of their analogues containing monopyridyl ligands because of extended conjugation. beta(0) correlates with the MLCT energy only when the MLCT absorption is sufficiently far from the second harmonic at 532 nm.
ISSN: 0020-1669
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Imaging and Photonics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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