Title: Job autonomy and workload as antecedents of workplace bullying: A two-wave test of Karasek's Job Demand Control Model for targets and perpetrators
Authors: Baillien, Elfi ×
De Cuyper, Nele
De Witte, Hans #
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: British Psychological Society
Series Title: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology vol:84 issue:1 pages:191-208
Abstract: The current study aims to test the hypotheses that are central to Karasek's Job Demand Control Model in relation to workplace bullying. Particular contributions are, first, the focus upon both targets and perpetrators of workplace bullying, and second, the two-wave design with a 6-month time lag. We assume that (a) workload at Time I associates positively with being a target/perpetrator at Time 2, (b) job autonomy at Time I associates negatively with being a target/perpetrator at Time 2, and (c) the positive relationship between workload at Time I and being a target/perpetrator at Time 2 is stronger under the condition of low (vs. high) job autonomy at Time I (i.e., interaction between workload and job autonomy). Moderated hierarchical regression analyses (N = 320) revealed lagged main effects for being a target, and interaction effects for being a perpetrator. In particular, Time I workload was positively and Time I job autonomy negatively associated with being a target at Time 2. Job autonomy at Time I reduced the positive relationship between workload at Time I and being a perpetrator at Time 2. Overall, our results suggest that high strain jobs relate to both being a target and to being perpetrator of workplace bullying, yet through different processes: main effects and interactions, respectively.
ISSN: 0963-1798
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Occupational & Organisational Psychology and Professional Learning - miscellaneous
Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology
Research Centre for Work and Organisation Studies (WOS Bxl), Campus Brussels
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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