Title: Capturing the structure of distinct types of individual differences in the situation-specific experience of emotions: The case of anger
Authors: Ceulemans, Eva ×
Kuppens, Peter
Van Mechelen, Iven #
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: J. Wiley
Series Title: European Journal of Personality vol:26 issue:5 pages:484-495
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to understand why some people experience certain emotions
in a specific situation whereas others do not. We postulate that these individual differences
arise from individual differences in two underlying processes of emotion elicitation: (1)
individual differences in the emotion components (appraisals and action tendencies) that
situations activate in a person, and (2) individual differences in how these emotion
components are related to subjective emotional experience. In this paper, we re-analyzed data
from two studies on anger to capture the structure of these two types of individual differences
using clustering modeling techniques. Consistent results across the two studies demonstrated
that individuals differ in anger because they (1) differ in how easy they experience angerrelevant
appraisals (Study 1 and Study 2) and action tendencies (Study 2) in increasingly
negative situations, and (2) differ in which of these components are necessary to experience
ISSN: 0890-2070
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences
Methodology of Educational Sciences
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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