Design, synthesis, computational and biological evaluation of new anxiolytics
Geronikaki, A × Babaev, E Dearden, J Dehaen, Wim Filimonov, D Galaeva, I Krajneva, V Lagunin, A Macaev, F Molodavkin, G Poroikov, V Pogrebnoi, S Saloutin, V Stepanchikova, A Stingaci, E Tkach, N Vlad, L Voronina, T #
New anxiolytics have been discovered by prediction of biological activity with computer programs PASS and DEREK for a heterogeneous set of 5494 highly chemically diverse heterocyclic compounds (thiazoles, pyrazoles, isatins, a-fused imidazoles and others). The majority of tested compounds exhibit the predicted anxiolytic effect. The most potent activity was found in 2-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-(4-phenylpiperazinomethyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine 8, 1-[(4-bromophenyl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-(1,3-dioxolano)-2-indolinone 3, 5hydroxy-3-methoxycarbonyl-l-phenylpyrazole 5 and 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylpiperazinomethyl)imidazo[1,2-cr]pyridine 7. The application of the computer-assisted approach significantly reduced the number of synthesized and tested compounds and increased the chance of finding new chemical entities (NCEs). circle dot 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.