Journal of the American Chemical Society vol:128 issue:1 pages:317-325
The effect of solvent on the two-dimensional (2D) supramolecular ordering of monodendron 1 at the liquid-solid interface has been systematically investigated by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Solvents range from those with hydrophilic solvating properties, such as alkylated alcohols and acids, to hydrophobic solvents such as alkylated aromatics and alkanes. Dramatic differences in the 2D ordering are observed depending on the nature of the solvent. Of particular interest is the fact that in hydrophobic solvating solvents, such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, solvent molecules are coadsorbed in the 2D molecular network while this is not the case for alkylated alcohols or acids. Furthermore, in the case of the coadsorbing solvents, a striking influence of the alkyl chain length has been observed on the 2D pattern formed. The solvent and alkyl chain length dependences are discussed in terms of molecule-molecule interactions (homo and hetero) and molecule-substrate interactions.