Chemical Physics Letters vol:422 issue:1-3 pages:251-255
We have fabricated three-dimensional (3D) colloidal crystals containing a two-dimensional (2D) defect as the middle layer by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique. Either a homogeneous sheet made of 200 layers of behenic acid or a single monolayer of silica colloidal particles of various sizes was inserted between two opal films of silica spheres. The presence of the extrinsic defect led to an impurity mode within the photonic stop band, which was observed as a pass band in the near-infrared (NIR) spectra. The position of this defect mode was found to vary periodically with the value of the ratio of the thickness of the defect layer to the diameter of the colloids of the upper and lower opals. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.