Journal of materials chemistry vol:8 issue:8 pages:1725-1730
A study of the structure-property relationships in a series of 3-(4-n-decyloxyphenyl)-1-(p-X-phenyl)-2-pyrazolines has been performed. By simply changing the substituent in the 1-phenyl ring we were able to tune the physical properties of the compounds. If this ring is non-substituted or substituted with a 4-methoxy, 4-chloro or 4-carboxy group, the pyrazoline compounds are fluorescent. If the ring is 4-nitro- or 2,4-dinitro-substituted, the compounds have interesting second-order non-linear optical properties. The first hyperpolarizability has been measured using the Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering technique in solution. The 4-nitro derivative displays liquid crystalline behaviour, showing a monotropic smectic A phase with a partial bilayer structure due to an antiparallel arrangement of molecules as confirmed by X-ray studies in the mesophase.