Microcin C (McC) (1) is a potent antibacterial compound produced by some Escherichia coli strains. McC functions through a Trojan-Horse mechanism: it is actively taken up inside a sensitive cell through the function of the YejABEF-transporter and then processed by cellular aminopeptidases. Processed McC (2) is a non-hydrolysable aspartyl-adenylate analog that inhibits aspartyl-tRNA synthetase (AspRS). A new synthesis is described that allows for the production of a wide variety of McC analogs in acceptable amounts. Using this synthesis a number of diverse compounds was synthesized with altered target specificity. Further characteristics of the YejABEF transporters were determined using these compounds. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.