American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics vol:325 issue:1 pages:248-55
The purpose of this study was to identify the mediators involved in capsaicin-induced vasodilation in the human skin and to evaluate a pharmacodynamic model for the early clinical evaluation of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists. Dermal blood flow (DBF) response of the forearm skin to topically applied capsaicin was measured using laser Doppler perfusion imaging in 22 subjects. The effect of intra-arterially administered CGRP(8-37) (1200 ng . min(-1) . dl(-1) forearm), indomethacin (5 mug . min(-1) . dl(-1) forearm), and N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA; 0.2 mg . min(-1) dl(-1) forearm), and orally administered aprepitant (375 mg) on capsaicin-induced dermal vasodilation was assessed. Furthermore, the diurnal variation of the DBF response to capsaicin was studied. CGRP(8-37) inhibited the capsaicin-induced DBF increase: 217(145, 290)% in infused versus 370 (254, 486)% in the noninfused arm [mean (95% CI); p = 0.004]. In contrast, indomethacin, l-NMMA, aprepitant, and the time of assessment did not affect the DBF response to capsaicin. Thus, capsaicin-induced vasodilation in the human forearm skin is largely mediated by CGRP, but not by vasodilating prostaglandins, nitric oxide, or substance P. The response to capsaicin does not display a circadian rhythm. A pharmacodynamic model is proposed to evaluate CGRP receptor antagonists in humans in vivo.