F508del-CFTR increases intracellular Ca(2+) signaling that causes enhanced calcium-dependent Cl(-) conductance in cystic fibrosis
Martins, Joana Raquel × Kongsuphol, Patthara Sammels, Eva Dahimène, Shehrazade Aldehni, Fadi Clarke, Luka Alexander Schreiber, Rainer De Smedt, Humbert Amaral, Margarida D Kunzelmann, Karl #
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Basis of Disease vol:1812 issue:11 pages:1385-1392
In many cells, increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) activates a Ca(2+)-dependent chloride (Cl(-)) conductance (CaCC). CaCC is enhanced in cystic fibrosis (CF) epithelial cells lacking Cl(-) transport by the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Here, we show that in freshly isolated nasal epithelial cells of F508del-homozygous CF patients, expression of TMEM16A and bestrophin 1 was unchanged. However, calcium signaling was strongly enhanced after induction of expression of F508del-CFTR, which is unable to exit the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Since receptor-mediated [Ca(2+)](i) increase is Cl(-) dependent, we suggested that F508del-CFTR may function as an ER chloride counter-ion channel for Ca(2+). This was confirmed by expression of the double mutant F508del/G551D-CFTR, which remained in the ER but had no effects on [Ca(2+)](i). Moreover, F508del-CFTR could serve as a scavenger for inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate [IP3] receptor binding protein released with IP(3) (IRBIT). Our data may explain how ER-localized F508del-CFTR controls intracellular Ca(2+) signaling.