Title: Consumption of plant sterols in Belgium: consumption patterns of plant sterol-enriched foods in Flanders, Belgium
Authors: Sioen, Isabelle ×
Matthys, Christophe
Huybrechts, Inge
Van Camp, John
De Henauw, Stefaan #
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: CABI Pub.
Series Title: British Journal of Nutrition vol:105 issue:6 pages:911-918
Abstract: The present study describes the consumption of foods enriched with plant sterols (PS) and supplements containing PS, and evaluates PS intakes via the current consumption and for specific consumption scenarios. A market inventory was performed to collate different PS-enriched food items and supplements available in Belgium. An FFQ was developed to investigate the consumption of PS-enriched foods and supplements. A total of 139 pre-school children (2.5-7 years old) and 569 adults (308 women and 261 men) living in Flanders (the northern, Dutch-speaking part of Belgium) participated in the study. Of these, 21% (Flemish pre-school children) and 28.5% (Flemish adults) consume PS-enriched food products, leading to a mean PS intake in the consumer group of 0.70 (SD 0.61) g/d for pre-school children and 1.51 (SD 1.42) g/d for adults. Of the adult PS consumers, 23.2% did not suffer from elevated blood cholesterol levels; 50% of them had a PS intake less than or equal to 1 g/d and 16.4% had a PS intake above 3 g/d and 7.8% even had an intake above 4 g/d. Scenario studies assessed the intake when all Belgian adults would consume PS-enriched margarines without (scenario 1) or with (scenario 2) a daily consumption of a PS-enriched yoghurt drink. This resulted in an intake above 3 g/d in 17% (women) and 29% (men) for scenario 1 and 40% (women) and 53% (men) for scenario 2. The results indicate that PS-enriched food products are also consumed by the non-target group. Efficient communication tools are needed to inform consumers better about the target group of PS-enriched products, the advised dose per day and alternative dietary strategies to lower the blood cholesterol level.
ISSN: 0007-1145
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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