Title: A genetic predisposition score for muscular endophenotypes predicts the increase in aerobic power after training: the CAREGENE study
Authors: Thomaes, Tom ×
Thomis, Martine
Onkelinx, Steven
Fagard, Robert
Matthijs, Gert
Buys, Roselien
Schepers, Dirk
Cornelissen, VĂ©ronique
Vanhees, Luc #
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Publisher: BioMed Central
Series Title: BMC Genetics vol:12 issue:1 pages:84
Article number: 84
Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted that genetic variability might explain a large part of the observed heterogeneity in aerobic capacity and its response to training. Significant associations between polymorphisms of different genes with muscular strength, anaerobic phenotypes and body composition have been reported. Muscular endophenotypes are positively correlated with aerobic capacity, therefore, we tested the association of polymorphisms in twelve muscular related genes on aerobic capacity and its response to endurance training. METHODS: 935 Coronary artery disease patients (CAD) who performed an incremental exercise test until exhaustion at baseline and after three months of training were included. Polymorphisms of the genes were detected using the invader assay. Genotype-phenotype association analyses were performed using ANCOVA. Different models for a genetic predisposition score (GPS) were constructed based on literature and own data and were related to baseline and response VO2 scores. RESULTS: Carriers of the minor allele in the R23K polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (GR) and the ciliary neurotrophic factor gene (CNTF) had a significantly higher increase in peakVO2 after training (p<0.05). Carriers of the minor allele (C34T) in the adenosine monophosphate deaminase (AMPD1) gene had a significantly lower relative increase (p<0.05) in peakVO2. GPS of data driven models were significantly associated with the increase in peakVO2 after training. CONCLUSIONS: In CAD patients, suggestive associations were found in the GR, CNTF and the AMPD1 gene with an improved change in aerobic capacity after three months of training. Additionally data driven models with a genetic predisposition score (GPS) showed a significant predictive value for the increase in peakVO2.
ISSN: 1471-2156
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
Research Group for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Rehabilitation
Exercise Physiology Research Group
Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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