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Title: The 5-dehydro-m-xylylene triradical and its nitrogen and phosphorus derivatives: Open-shell doublet versus quartet ground state
Authors: Nguyen, HMT
Gopakumar, G
Peeters, Jozef
Nguyen, Minh Tho # ×
Issue Date: Jan-2004
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry A vol:108 issue:40 pages:8411-8418
Abstract: Quantum chemical calculations have been applied to investigations of the electronic structure of the parent 5-dehydro-m-xylylene (DMX, or 5-dehydro-1,3-quinodimethane, C8H7) triradical containing a six-membered-ring radical coupled with two exocyclic CH2 groups situated in the meta position, each containing an unpaired electron and its 4,6-dinitrogen (DMX-N) and 4,6-diphosphorus (DMX-P) derivatives. The purpose of the study is to determine the identity of their electronic ground states. Our results obtained using state-averaged complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) followed by second-order multistate multiconfiguration perturbation theories MS-CASPT2 and MR-QDPT in conjunction with large ANO-L and the 6-311G(d,p) basis set reveal the following: (i) DMX has a three-open-shell (sigma(1)pi(1)pi(1)) doublet B-2(2) ground state with a B-4(2)-B-2(2) energy gap in the range 1-3 kcal/mol, and (ii) the ground state of both DMX-N and DMX-P triradicals is also the doublet B-2(2) being below the B-4(2) state by 1 and 2 kcal/mol, respectively. In the triradicals considered, both doublet and quartet states are nearly degenerate but have a slight preference for the low-spin state, apparently violating Hund's rule. Protonation at C5 of DMX giving the MX.+ radical cation modifies the electronic landscape, the one-open-shell doublet B-2(1) being the MX.+ ground state. The electron affinities (EAs), ionization energies (IEs), and proton affinities (PAs) are computed for the triradicals. For DMX: EA = 1.1 eV, IE = 7.50 eV, and PA = 401 kcal/mol. For DMX-N: EA = 2.3 eV, IE = 8.20 eV, and PA = 233 kcal/mol. For DMX-P: EA = 4.5 eV, IE = 8.98 eV, and PA = 214 kcal/mol. Comparable data for the anions follows. PA = 401, 367, and 371 kcal/mol for DMX-, DMX-N-, and DMX-P-, respectively.
URI: 
ISSN: 1089-5639
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantum Chemistry and Physical Chemistry Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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