A new, easy, and rapid high-throughput detection method for the common GJB2 (CX26), 35delG mutation
Van Eyken, E × Van Camp, Guy Hendrickx, J J Demeester, Kelly Vandevelde, A Azza, J Ben Van de Heyning, P Van Laer, Lut #
Mary Ann Liebert
Genetic Testing vol:11 issue:3 pages:231-4
GJB2 (Gap Junction protein beta type 2; Connexin 26, CX26) is known for its contribution to nonsyndromic recessive deafness (NSRD). One particular mutation, 35delG, a deletion of one guanine from a stretch of six leading to a frame shift early in the gene, has a high prevalence in populations from European descent. 35delG testing therefore has become a standard test in genetic diagnostic laboratories. Most of the currently available methods for the detection of 35delG are relatively time consuming, and not suited for high-throughput diagnostic testing. Within this paper we present a real-time PCR genotyping assay based on melting curve analysis, requiring only a single preparation step before the actual analysis. The assay was optimized on a panel of 48 samples with known 35delG genotypes and subsequently tested using a large Belgian population (N = 460) with unknown 35delG status. For the latter set of samples, real-time PCR results were validated with SNAPShot, an assay used in our laboratory for diagnostic purposes. The real-time PCR genotyping method has proven to be highly reliable, rapid, cost-effective, and suitable for high-throughput screening. We believe that this genetic test for 35delG will find widespread applications in the DNA diagnostic field.