Title: “Heroes and villains”: Habsburg Supremacy over the Ottomans in Triumphal Celebrations in the Spanish Netherlands of the 17th century
Authors: Van Waelderen, Dirk G.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Hollitzer Wissenschaftsverlag
Series Title: Ottomania vol:8
Host Document: Ottoman Empire and European Theatre Vol. III - The Turkish Subject in Ballett and Dance.
Conference: Ottoman Empire & European Theatre edition:IV location:ITI UNECSCO, Vienna date:29-30 April 2011
Ottoman Empire & European Theatre edition:IV location:The Austrial Cultural Forum, palaceYeniköy,Istanbul date:9-10 June 2011
Abstract: The portrayal of the Ottomans was done in a very symbolic language. The Catholic Church and “zyn uytverkoren volk” (‘its chosen people’) were victorious against the Ottomans who were shown as a “macht der hellen” (‘hell’s power’) or as “Helsche Furien” (‘hell’s furies’). Noble commanders of the
Symposium Ottoman Empire and European Theatre 2011
© Don Juan Archiv Wien, Goetheg. 1, 1010 Wien, T. 0043/1/2365605 Web:
Southern Netherlands in the imperial army were pictured as “heroes of Mars”. They imperilled their lives but won against the overwhelming numbers of the Ottoman armies and their relentless attacks. The Ottomans were displayed as “savage, cruel and cunning fighters” with superior weaponry. Analyzing the prints and public celebrations on the theme of the Ottoman Turks will reveal what was most prominent in the display: the role of the Church as the cause of the miraculous victory on the “infidels” or the Catholic Roman emperor and his courageous army commanders? Or was perhaps the image in the theatrical performances both for religious and governmental elites equally beneficial?
Publication status: accepted
KU Leuven publication type: IHb
Appears in Collections:Early Modern History (15th-18th Centuries), Leuven

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