Title: Understanding Workaholics' Motivations: A Self-Determination Perspective
Authors: Van den Broeck, Anja ×
Schreurs, Bert Herman
De Witte, Hans
Vansteenkiste, Maarten
Germeys, Filip
Schaufeli, Wilmar #
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Wiley-blackwell
Series Title: Applied Psychology vol:60 issue:4 pages:600-621
Abstract: In order to explain the diverging well-being outcomes of workaholism, this study aimed to examine the motivational orientations that may fuel the two main components of workaholism (i.e. working excessively and working compulsively). Drawings on Self-Determination Theory, both autonomous and controlled motivation were suggested to drive excessive work, which therefore was expected to relate positively to both well-being (i.e. vigor) and ill-health (i.e. exhaustion). Compulsive work, in contrast, was hypothesised to originate exclusively out of controlled motivation and therefore to only associate positively with ill-being. Structural equation modeling in a heterogeneous sample of Belgian white-collar workers (N = 370) confirmed that autonomous motivation associated positively with excessive work, which then related positively to vigor. Controlled motivation correlated positively with compulsive work, which therefore related positively with exhaustion. The hypothesised path from controlled motivation to exhaustion through excessive work was not corroborated. In general, the findings suggest that primarily compulsive work yields associations with ill-being, since it may stem from a qualitatively inferior type of motivation.
ISSN: 0269-994X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory for Experimental Psychology
Occupational & Organisational Psychology and Professional Learning - miscellaneous
School Psychology and Development in Context
Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology
Research Centre for Work and Organisation Studies (WOS Bxl), Campus Brussels
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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