Title: Energetics and chemical bonding of the 1,3,5-tridehydrobenzene triradical and its protonated form
Authors: Nguyen, HMT
Höltzl, Tibor
Gopakumar, G
Veszpremi, T
Peeters, Jozef
Nguyen, Minh Tho # ×
Issue Date: Sep-2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Series Title: Chemical Physics vol:316 issue:1-3 pages:125-140
Abstract: Quantum chemical calculations were applied to investigate the electronic structure of the parent 1,3,5-tridehydrobenzene triradical (C6H3, TDB) and its anion (C6H3-), cation (C6H3+) and protonated form (C6H4+). Our results obtained using the state-averaged complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) followed by second-order mufti-state mufti-configuration perturbation theory, MS-CASPT2, and MRMP2 in conjunction with the large ANO-L and 6-311++G(3df,2p) basis set, confirm and reveal the followings: (i) TDB has a doublet (2)A(1) ground state with a B-4(2)-(2)A(1) energy gap of 29 kcal/mol, (ii) the ground state of the C6H3- anion in the triplet B-3(2) being 4 kcal/mol below the (1)A(1) state. (iii) the electron affinity (EA), ionization energy (IE) and proton affinity (PA) are computed to be: EA = 1.6 eV, IE = 7.2 eV, PA = 227 kcal/mol using UB3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2p) + ZPE; standard heat of formation Delta H-f(298 K,H- 1 atm)(TDB) = 179 +/- 2 kcal/mol was calculated with CBS-QB3 method. An atoms-in-molecules (AIM) analysis of the structure reveals that the topology of the electron density is similar in all compounds: hydrogens connect to a six-membered ring, except for the case of the (2)A(2) state of C6H4+ (MBZ(+)) which is bicyclic with fused five- and three-membered rings. Properties of the chemical bonds were characterized with Electron Localization Function (ELF) analysis, as well as Wiberg indices, Laplacian and spin density maps. We found that the radicals form separate monosynaptic basins on the ELF space, however its pair character remains high. In the (2)A(1) state of TDB, the radical center is mainly localized on the C1 atom, while in the B-2(2) state it is equally distributed between the C3 and C5 atoms and, due to the symmetry, in the B-4(2) state the C1, C2 and C3 atoms have the same radical character. There is no C3-C5 bond in the (2)A(1) state of TDB, but the interaction between these atoms is strong. The ground state of cation C6H3+ (DHP), (1)A(1), is not a diradical and has a doubly aromatic character. Aromaticity of the different compounds was studied within the ELF framework and the standard deviation of the bond lengths and bond orders. The Jahn-Teller distorted (2)A(1) and B-2(2)(C-2v) states of TDB were found to exhibit an aromaticity comparable to that of benzene. Overall protonation of the TDB reinforces the stability of the low-spin doublet states, the classical Hund's rule is not obeyed. In a view, these species could better be regarded as radicals than triradicals. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0301-0104
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantum Chemistry and Physical Chemistry Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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