Dynamic alignment and its association with knee adduction moment in medial knee osteoarthritis
Foroughi, Nasim × Smith, Richard M Lange, Angela K Baker, Michael K Singh, Maria A. Fiatarone Vanwanseele, Benedicte #
The Knee vol:17 issue:3 pages:210-216
Lower limb dynamic alignment represents the limb position during functional loading conditions and obtains valuable information throughout the gait cycle rather than a single instant in time. This study aims to determine whether dynamic alignment is altered in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and how dynamic alignment is related to knee adduction moment (RAM). Community-dwelling women (n = 17) with medial OA in at least one knee, according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria and 17 body mass index-matched women without OA were recruited. A three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to collect the gait data at self-selected habitual and maximal speeds. Clinical evaluation of lower extremities, physical function, pain, habitual level of physical activity, quality of life and physical self-efficacy were assessed. Shank adduction angle and shank mean angular velocity were significantly greater in the OA group compared to the controls from heel strike to 30% stance. RAM was not different between the groups (p = 0.542). Dynamic alignment variables were the best predictors of KAM. Health-related quality of life, habitual level of physical activity, lower extremity muscle strength and balance performance were impaired in the OA group compared to the controls. The importance of variables that contribute to dynamic alignment and the contribution of limb alignment to RAM were highlighted in this study. Detection of postural changes such as altered dynamic alignment in early stages of OA will lead to the institution of joint-protective measures including changes in footwear, orthotics, gait re-training, use of assistive devices to reduce weight-bearing loads, strengthening and balance enhancing exercises, better analgesia, or cartilage-preserving pharmacotherapy. Crown Copyright (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.