Functional role of N-glycosylation from ADAM10 in processing, localization and activity of the enzyme
Escrevente, Cristina Morais, Vanessa Keller, Sascha Soares, Claudio M Altevogt, Peter Costa, Julia # ×
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. General Subjects vol:1780 issue:6 pages:905-913
A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein with four potential N-glycosylation sites (N267, N278, N439 and N551), that cleaves several plasma membrane proteins. In this work, ADAM10 was found to contain high-mannose and complex-type glycans. Individual N-glycosylation site mutants S269A, T280A, S441A, T553A were constructed, and results indicated that all sites were occupied. T280A was found to accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum as the non-processed precursor of the enzyme. Furthermore, it exhibited only residual levels of metalloprotease activity in vivo towards the L1 cell adhesion molecule, as well as in vitro, using a ProTNF-alpha peptide as substrate. S441A showed increased ADAM10 susceptibility to proteolysis. Mutation of N267, N439 and N551 did not completely abolish enzyme activity, however, reduced levels were found. ADAM10 is sorted into secretory vesicles, the exosomes. Here, a fraction of ADAM10 from exosomes was found to contain more processed Winked glycans than the cellular enzyme. In conclusion, N-glycosylation is crucial for ADAM10 processing and resistance to proteolysis, and results suggest that it is required for full-enzyme activity. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.