Presenilin modulates Pen-2 levels posttranslationally by protecting it from proteasomal degradation
Crystal, AS Morais, Vanessa Fortna, RR Carlin, D Pierson, TC Wilson, CA Lee, VMY Doms, RW # ×
American Chemical Society
Biochemistry vol:43 issue:12 pages:3555-3563
The gamma-secretase complex functions to cleave several type I transmembrane proteins within their transmembrane domains. These include the amyloid precursor protein, which is central to Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis, as well as N-cadherin and Notch, which regulate transcription. This complex is composed of four requisite integral membrane proteins: presenilin 1 (PSI) or presenilin 2 (PS2), nicastrin, Pen-2, and Aph-1. How these proteins coordinately regulate one another and assemble to form a functional complex is not well understood. In this report we demonstrate that PS1 selectively enhances the stability of Pen-2 protein but not that of nicastrin or Aph-1. In the absence of PS 1, Pen-2 was rapidly degraded by the proteasome. As PS1 levels increased, so too did the half-life of Pen-2 and therefore its steady-state levels. In addition, Pen-2 protein levels correlated with PS1 levels not only in cell culture but in transgenic mouse models as well. The genetic absence of PS1 and PS2, and therefore of gamma-secretase-dependent mediation of transcriptional activity, did not affect Pen-2 mRNA levels. Rather, presenilin (PS) regulates Pen-2 levels posttranslationally by preventing its degradation by the proteasome. Thus, the amount of Pen-2 protein is effectively titrated by its PS binding partner, and the rapidity with which Pen-2 is degraded in the absence of PS interactions could provide a mechanism to tightly regulate gamma-secretase complex assembly.