European Urology Supplements vol:10 issue:4 pages:383-389
A number of anatomic components work in concert to produce precise control of micturition in the healthy male, including the sphincter with its striated and smooth muscle components, the surrounding muscular and ligamentous support structures, neural components, and the urothelium. Radical prostatectomy is often associated with injury to one or more of these tissues, culminating in stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Although the causes of urinary incontinence can vary, among patients with residual urethral sphincter function, the increased laxity and reduced functional length of the membranous urethra are thought to play key roles in incontinence. Most surgical treatments for urinary incontinence, such as the artificial urinary sphincter and various slings, achieve continence via compression of the urethra, but the AdVance (R) transobturator retrourethral sling (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, USA) repositions the urethral sphincter complex back into the pelvis and increases the functional membranous urethral length. Emerging reports on the AdVance (R) sling suggest favourable cure rates and few complications. Thus, the AdVance (R) sling provides an alternative approach to treating postprostatectomy SUI that is both less obstructive and more dynamic. (C) 2011 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.