Protein 1 (P1), a low mol mass urinary protein of unknown function, has been purified, sequenced and quantified in human biological fluids. The molecular size, subunit composition and partial amino acid sequence of P1 are similar to those of the 10 kDa Clara cell protein (CC10), a lung secretory protein. P1 is found in high concentrations in sputum, bronchoalveolar lavages, urine and semen of healthy individuals and in urine of some pregnant women. Contrary to what is claimed, P1 or CC10 is not a specific and unique product of the lung, but like its homologue in rabbits (uteroglobulin) it is also present in urogenital secretions. P1 or CC10 may act as a natural immunosuppressor protecting the respiratory and urogenital tracts from unwanted inflammatory reactions.