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Title: Nitric oxide delays atrial tachycardia-induced electrical remodelling in a sheep model
Authors: Lenaerts, Ilse
Holemans, Patricia
Pokreisz, Peter
Sipido, Karin
Janssens, Stefan
Heidbuchel, Hein
Willems, Rik # ×
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: W.B. Saunders
Series Title: Europace vol:13 issue:5 pages:747-754
Abstract: Aims Rapid atrial pacing for 1 week leads to decreased expression of endocardial nitric oxide (NO)-synthase and decreased NO concentrations. We hypothesized that increasing NO bioavailability may reduce electrical remodelling induced by atrial tachycardia.
Aims Rapid atrial pacing for 1 week leads to decreased expression of endocardial nitric oxide (NO)-synthase and decreased NO concentrations. We hypothesized that increasing NO bioavailability may reduce electrical remodelling induced by atrial tachycardia. Methods and results We examined the effect of molsidomine, a NO donor, and N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methylester (l-NAME), a NO-synthase inhibitor, on electrical remodelling occurring during 4 h of rapid atrial pacing in sheep. Haemodynamic and electrophysiological parameters were measured at baseline, 1 h after the start of the infusion and before the start of pacing, and 2 and 4 h after pacing. We measured the effect of molsidomine on atrial monophasic action potentials (MAPs) in non-instrumented sheep and on l-type Ca(2+) currents and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) transients in right atrial cells, isolated from control sheep. In control sheep, rapid atrial pacing shortened the atrial effective refractory period (AERP) by 12 ± 0.18% after 4 h, an effect that was unaffected by l-NAME. Infusion of molsidomine increased  AERP at baseline (+13.4 ± 1.04%) and transiently attenuated pacing-induced AERP shortening (13.6 ± 0.1% at 2 h). Molsidomine tended to increase MAP duration by 20.7 ± 13.4 ms. Incubation of isolated atrial myocytes with NO donor 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1) increased significantly l-type Ca(2+) current and [Ca(2+)](i) transients. Conclusion Infusion of molsidomine, a NO donor, delayed  shortening of the action potential during short-term rapid atrial pacing, by increasing [Ca(2+)](i). Whereas the former could be protective against repetitive short episodes of atrial fibrillation, the latter might be detrimental in the long term.
URI: 
ISSN: 1099-5129
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Experimental Cardiology
Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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