Title: Urban-rural integration at ancient Sagalassos (SW Turkey). Archaeological, archaeozoological and geochemical evidence
Authors: Vanhaverbeke, Hannelore ×
Degryse, Patrick
De Cupere, Bea
Van Neer, Wim
Waelkens, Marc
Muchez, Philippe #
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Asociacion Espanola de Arqueozoologia
Series Title: Archaeofauna vol:20 pages:73-83
Abstract: Archaeological and archaeozoological data from the antique site of Sagalassos
(southwest Turkey) are combined with data from geochemical analyses of trace elements in
archaeological animal bones, to document the changing relation between city and countryside
from the 1st to the 7th century AD. These data reveal that during the Early to Middle Imperial
period (c. 25BC – 300 AD) the city’s subsistence requirements were largely met by the production
capacity of its immediate vicinity, found to be a highly polluted area, and that the inhabitants
of Sagalassos were relying little on the countryside. The integration of the city and the
countryside was strengthened during the Late Roman period (c. AD 300-450), when more rural
products seemed to reach Sagalassos. Animal bones are at that time significantly lower in metal
content and must have originated from animals that were kept in areas beyond the zone of heavy
pollution. At the same time, occupation density in the countryside reached its climax. Then, in
the Early Byzantine time (c. AD 450-700), the inhabitants seemed to return to the situation of
the Early to Middle Imperial period and were sustained by the exploitation of the land close to
the city.
ISSN: 1132-6891
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section
Division of Geology
Archaeology, Leuven
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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