Title: Man, vegetation and climate during the Holocene in the territory of Sagalassos, Western Taurus Mountains, SW Turkey
Authors: Bakker, Johan ×
Paulissen, Etienne
Kaniewski, David
De Laet, VĂ©ronique
Verstraeten, Gert
Waelkens, Marc #
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Publisher: Springer-International
Series Title: Vegetation History & Archaeobotany vol:21 issue:4-5 pages:249-266
Abstract: Past vegetation change and the influence of climate change and anthropogenic pressure
during the Holocene is constructed from a series of palynological records sampled from three
locations within the territory of the antique site of Sagalassos. The disappearance of the original
deciduous oak woodlands and increases in anthropogenic indicator species around 5300 and 4300
BC, correspond with an increase in settlements in the region. A period of drought, following the
deforestation may have hampered the recovery of deciduous oak. The timing of the onset of the
Beysehir Occupation Phase (BO-Phase) in the territory differs between locations, estimates
ranging from c. 1000-800 BC to the start of the Hellenistic period (334 BC). The most intense
period of arboriculture coincides with the Roman and late-Roman periods. Increases in human
pressure on the landscape as reflected in the pollen record correspond with an increased rate of
sedimentation and fire activity. The timing of the end of the BO-Phase again differs between
locations. Estimates range from the 4th century AD to the mid 7th century AD, when a region-wide
shift to dry environmental conditions is observed. Numerical analyses show that post BO-Phase
vegetation change is largely driven by climate and displays a succession of dry and wet periods
that coincided with well-defined European climate shifts, including the Medieval Climate
Anomaly and the Little Ice Age. Current agricultural activities in the region are of a very recent
(20th century) origin.
ISSN: 0939-6314
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Geography & Tourism
Archaeology, Leuven
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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