Title: The CX3C chemokine fractalkine mediates platelet adhesion via the von Willebrand receptor glycoprotein Ib
Authors: dos Santos, Sascha Meyer ×
Klinkhardt, Ute
Scholich, Klaus
Nelson, Karen
Monsefi, Nadejda
Deckmyn, Hans
Kuczka, Karina
Zorn, Anita
Harder, Sebastian #
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: W.B. Saunders
Series Title: Blood vol:117 issue:18 pages:4999-5008
Abstract: The membrane-anchored CX3C chemokine fractalkine (FKN) is expressed on activated endothelium and is associated with the development of atherosclerosis. The potential of FKN in mediating platelet adhesion beyond platelet activation remains unexplored to date. A flow-based adhesion assay was used to study the adhesion of platelets to immobilized FKN under physiologic flow conditions. Platelet adhesion to von Willebrand factor (VWF) was increased in the presence of FKN at 600 inverse seconds. Additional platelet adhesion to FKN coimmobilized with VWF was dependent on the FKN receptor CX3CR1 and activation of glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa. The number of platelets rolling on VWF was likewise enhanced in the presence of FKN. The enhancement of rolling on FKN and VWF was insensitive to anti-CX3CR1 antibody but was fully inhibited by neutralizing GPIb alpha function. The extracellular domain of GPIb alpha was covalently coupled to fluo-rescent microspheres, and microsphere binding was significantly higher in the presence of FKN. Platelet adhesion to activated endothelium in vitro and to intact human arteries was substantially increased in an FKN-dependent manner. These data demonstrate that endothelial expressed FKN activates platelets via its cognate receptor CX3CR1, whereas platelet adhesion is predominantly mediated by GPIb alpha and independent of CX3CR1. (Blood. 2011;117(18):4999-5008)
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Chemistry, Campus Kulak Kortrijk
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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