Building upon a large, previously reported series of anti-HIV 6-desfluoroquinolones endowed with a peculiar mechanism of action, the inhibition of Tat-mediated transcription, replacement of the quinolone nucleus with a naphthyridone core was shown to be very productive. In this work, the naphthyridone scaffold was investigated in depth by synthesizing various analogues. This led to the identification of NM13 as the most selective derivative obtained in MT-4 cells. It is the result of the successful combination of the 1,6-naphthyridone nucleus and the C7 benzothiazolpiperazine group, which, for the first time, not only grants potent anti-HIV activity but displays very high selectivity. Further studies aimed at a more thorough investigation of the anti-HIV profile of this new derivative are in progress.